Wheeled excavator JCB JS160W

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JS160W is an excavator manufactured by the British company JCB. Due to the high reliability of the technology, it is popular. Carrying out heavy construction work is the main purpose of a wheeled excavator.

The equipment is reliable and easy to maintain. This is achieved thanks to technical features. The design of the excavator includes a rotating platform in the form of a box-shaped section: the design increases the overall strength of the excavator and also reduces the load on the main bridles and frames of the equipment. The reliability of the machine is confirmed by quality certificates.


The machine weighs 17 tons, which classifies the excavator model as heavy equipment. The technical characteristics of the machine allow it to cope with complex tasks. This excavator model is popular due to the long service life declared by the manufacturer. High reliability and productivity. Users also note economical fuel consumption.

Attention! The construction JCB JS160W is equipped with units from well-known companies that have proven themselves to be the best. For example, the excavator has a power unit from a Japanese company.

This wheeled excavator is most effective when performing zero-cycle construction work, as well as digging trenches and pits. The design features of construction equipment make it possible to load soil into trucks with high sides; they also note the high speed of the work being carried out.

Attention! The features of the excavator include several operating modes. If the equipment is “idle” for a long time when the engine is running, the engine automatically starts idling, which reduces fuel consumption.

The machine is equipped with a number of additional working devices that make the model of construction equipment universal: the excavator allows you to carry out a number of works without the need to use specially designed narrow-profile equipment.

Attention! Explosive force of JCB JS160W – 105 kN. Thanks to this, with the help of the machine they carry out quick and efficient excavation of soil, with various complicating factors, and a high category of earth mass.

Bulldozer D-606: technical characteristics

In the basic version, the D-606 (DZ-42) bulldozer is equipped with two types of working equipment:

  • rotary blade;
  • non-rotating blade.

The Soviet DT-75 was used as the base tractor. The D-606 bulldozer with a factory A-41 engine has a rated power of 95 hp. The engine is started by a special starting engine from the driver's cabin. The engine crankshaft rotation speed is 1800 rpm. Cylinder diameter is 120 mm, piston stroke is 140 mm. The specific fuel consumption of the machine is 251.3 g/kWh.

The D-606 bulldozer can move in the speed range of 0.33-11.1 km/h. The transmission consists of a gearbox and a dry single-plate clutch. The machines also use a planetary mechanism, which reduces the force on the steering control levers.

The running system operates on drive and guide wheels, four balancing support carriages, two track chains and support rollers with rubber bands.

The driver's cabin is sprung. A seat with height and weight adjustment is installed inside. The cabin has a ventilation system with automatic on/off settings. The bulldozer is equipped with a hot-air heater, which allows it to be used in any climate zone.

Hydraulic system

  • control - hydraulic;
  • nominal pressure in the hydraulic system - 10 MPa;
  • hydraulic system volume - 25 l;
  • number of cylinders - 2 pcs.;
  • type of hydraulic cylinder - double-acting;
  • hydraulic system cylinder diameter - 80 mm;
  • piston stroke of the hydraulic system cylinder - 710 mm;
  • the force developed by the hydraulic cylinder is 5000 kgf.

Performance characteristics

  • rotary blade width - 2800 mm;
  • width of the fixed blade - 2560 mm;
  • blade height - 800 mm;
  • blade lift height - 635 mm;
  • lowering the blade below the level of the track chain - 300 mm;
  • speed of raising/lowering the blade - 0.25 m/sec;
  • blade rotation angle in plan - 25 degrees;
  • soil cutting angle - 55 degrees.

Driver's cabin

The driver is provided with a comfortable, safe and reliable cabin. High operating comfort is achieved thanks to the large glass area; dampers are installed on the hydraulic cylinders, thanks to which the excavator operator practically does not feel the effects of vibrations.

The standard configuration of the cabin is equipped with systems that maintain the set temperature, an immobilizer, as well as systems that continuously diagnose the condition of the equipment. Their functionality also includes constantly informing the driver about the current condition of the excavator.

The equipment of the excavator cabin allows the construction equipment operator to perform his duties in comfort: the instruments and controls of the JCB JS160W are conveniently located on the console. The moderately hard chair is trimmed with soft fabric. Underneath there is a compartment for storing the driver’s personal belongings.

Attention! The cabin ventilation and heating system allows you to comfortably use construction equipment even in conditions of high and low temperatures.

Engine and gearbox

The vehicle is equipped with a 4-cylinder diesel engine. It has a displacement of 2,999 cubic centimeters and a power of 125 horsepower. The maximum speed that the motor develops is 25 kilometers per hour. The 4JJ1X engine installed on the excavator is produced by the Japanese concern IZUSU.

In one hour of operation, the excavator “eats” 12-14.5 liters, the total capacity of the fuel tank is 253 liters.

The transmission is a hydrostatic power shift system. The machine is equipped with two forward and two reverse gears.

Chassis with brakes JCB JS160W

The excavator is equipped with a durable and reliable chassis. Its design includes front and rear bulldozer blades mounted on pin hinges, front and rear stabilizers independent from each other. A ribbed U-shaped section with increased wear resistance is used as the basis of the parts system.

Construction equipment has four-wheel drive. The front steered axle allows the excavator to cope with rough terrain.

It uses a full-fledged hydraulic dual-circuit brake system, which is highly reliable and instantly responsive.

The parking brake is built into the excavator's transmission.


The vehicle is equipped with a frame made of durable steel, some parts of the structure are welded together. The machine has the following characteristics:

  • powerful;
  • stable;
  • durable.

Compared to previous models, the rigidity of the JCB JS160W boom mechanism and handle has been increased. This was achieved by installing additional inserts in places most exposed to maximum load. Interestingly, while strengthening a number of components of the model, the company’s engineers were able to maintain the same weight of the excavator.

The most advanced in technical terms is the latest modification. The improved model received higher ground clearance, as well as a structurally improved trolley. To protect the bottom from damage that occurs during operation of the equipment, a thick sheet of metal is installed.

The cross frame, created from a high-strength steel profile, is able to withstand various dynamic influences. The design is reliably protected from the outside, which prevents dust, moisture and air from entering, which has a beneficial effect on the service life of various parts of the JCB JS160W rotary mechanism. The protection provided by the British allows you to increase the service life of the lubricant for gears, as well as parts of the cab rotation mechanism.

The full-rotary platform is driven by an axial piston hydraulic motor equipped with a planetary gearbox.

Mini models of wheeled excavators

wheeled excavators prices

Almost all manufacturers of special construction equipment produce compact and maneuverable mini-excavators, which are not very productive, but are indispensable in tight operating conditions. Today, this category is represented by small-sized models weighing no more than 12 tons. On average, the weight of such a machine is 8 tons.

In terms of functionality, such models also have something to boast about. The equipment is equipped with rammers, hydraulic hammers, mechanical grips, tongs, leveling boards and clamshell buckets. However, mini excavators still provide fairly weak digging force compared to their full-size counterparts.


It cannot be said that the model belongs to the segment of budget construction equipment. So, the new version will cost in the range from 7 to 9 million rubles, depending on the modification. As for construction equipment with accumulated working life, its cost depends on several categories:

  • year of issue;
  • operating hours;
  • technical condition;
  • type of modification;
  • appearance.

So, a car produced in 2008-2009 will cost approximately 2 to 4 million rubles. Older equipment in good condition will cost 1.5 million.

However, it is worth considering that the JCB JS160W excavator can be rented for one or several work shifts. This is advisable if the equipment is used infrequently: rent for one shift is 12 thousand rubles.

This is a British excavator of increased strength and reliability. Thanks to the equipment of construction equipment with units produced in Japan, the USA and Great Britain, a comfortable and functional cabin, the high strength of the machine and its versatility, the excavator is in great demand. Even used cars sell quite well. This is explained not only by the high reliability and functionality of the machine, but also by the high price of excavators just off the conveyor belt. The JS160W is a reliable, comfortable and functional excavator that makes even the toughest jobs easier.

Classification of wheeled excavators

A wheeled excavator (from the Latin excavo - hammer) is a special machine for excavating, lifting and moving soil, mounted on pneumatic wheels. Excavators, due to their wheeled chassis, are highly mobile and can change locations in the shortest possible time and without special means of transportation. Machines of this type are used in construction, housing and communal services, energy, for repair work, planning and other excavation work.

History of wheeled excavators

Historically, the first were excavators on rails; in the second decade of the 20th century, tracked vehicles appeared, and the first wheeled excavator was created only in 1948. The appearance of excavators on a wheeled chassis was facilitated by a reduction in the weight of working equipment, an increase in the carrying capacity of vehicles and the development of a hydraulic drive. The first serial wheeled excavator was the Italian Yumbo S25, mounted on a car chassis. In the 1950s, machines began to be produced on a specially designed chassis and mounted excavators for mounting on wheeled tractors. All these types of technology exist today, solving their problems in various fields.

General structure of a wheeled excavator

There are two main elements in the design of the machine:

  • Wheeled chassis with power unit, outriggers and other equipment;
  • Excavator equipment with hydraulic drive.

Depending on its type, the design of a wheeled excavator may contain additional equipment: a blade, a bucket loader, and others. Modern machines are equipped with a cabin with an operator’s seat, various automated systems, light and sound alarm systems, etc.

Classification of wheeled excavators

Wheeled excavators are classified by chassis type, type of working equipment and characteristics.

Wheeled excavators can be installed on:

  • Chassis of serial trucks;
  • Specially designed pneumatic tire chassis of automobile type or with a short wheelbase;
  • Wheeled tractor, loader, tractor, etc.

The machines can be equipped with the following types of working equipment:

  • Continuous action - rotor or chain for longitudinal or transverse digging (trenchers, drainage machines);
  • Cyclic action – single-bucket equipment on a boom with a hydraulic drive.

Cyclic excavators are divided into two groups:

  • Universal – with an articulated-lever boom;
  • Planners – with a telescopic boom.

In all cases, single-bucket excavators can be equipped with a front or backhoe, and levelers can be equipped with a rotating bucket. Also, the equipment of cyclic machines can be full-rotary or part-rotary, this largely depends on the type of chassis.

Characteristics of wheeled excavators

The main characteristics of wheeled excavators include weight, engine power, bucket volume, digging depth, bucket lift height, travel speed and others. Based on weight, wheeled vehicles are divided into several size groups:

  • 1 group – up to 6.3 tons;
  • Group 2 – from 6.3 to 10 tons;
  • Group 3 – from 10 to 18 tons;
  • Group 4 – from 18 to 32 tons.

The bucket capacity of wheeled excavators ranges from 0.15 to 1.7 cubic meters. m, height and digging depth - from 2 to 9 m (planners - up to 10 m or more), moving speed depends on the chassis and can reach 60 - 80 km/h.

In Russia, the characteristics and design features of excavators are regulated by GOST 30067-93, GOST 21796-90 and other documents.

Leading manufacturers of wheeled excavators

Wheeled excavators are a narrow niche in which a small number of companies operate. In Russia, such machines are produced at UVZ (EO-33211 series), (EK-8 - EK-20 series) and Eksmash (several series, including E130W and E160W from foreign components). The leading foreign manufacturers are Caterpillar, Komatsu, Liebherr and New Holland; wheeled vehicles are also produced by Case, Hitachi, JCB, Terex, Volvo, Hyundai and some other factories.

Interesting facts about wheeled excavators

One of the key advantages of wheeled excavators is the ability to move independently on public roads. Therefore, such cars have dimensions and weight that fit into standard road dimensions. Even the largest excavators and backhoe loaders weigh no more than 21 tons and are equipped with an engine no more powerful than 210 hp. With.

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